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In vitro┬ fertilization┬ (IVF) is a process by which┬ egg cells┬ are┬ fertilized┬ by┬ sperm┬ outside the body:┬ in vitro. IVF is a major treatment in┬ infertility┬ when other methods of┬ assisted reproductive technology┬ have failed. The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing┬ ova┬ (eggs) from the woman's┬ ovaries┬ and letting┬ sperm┬ fertilize them in a fluid medium. The fertilized egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's┬ uterus┬ with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy
Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another couple or person. This woman may be the child's genetic mother (called traditional surrogacy), or she may carry the pregnancy to delivery after having an embryo, to which she has no genetic relationship, transferred to her uterus (called gestational surrogacy). If the pregnant woman received compensation for carrying and delivering the child (besides medical and other reasonable expenses) the arrangement is called a commercial surrogacy, otherwise the arrangement is sometimes referred to as an altruistic surrogacy.